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Sunday, November 29, 2009

Use of Basic Stitches

Subject: Clothing and Textile

Grade:  7
Unit:  Creating and making
Topic: Types of Stitches
Time: 2 90 minutes sessions

Objective : At the end of the lesson students should be able to
1. Identify at least four (4) basic stitches
2. Name at least four (4) basic
3. Use at least three (3) stitches to be used on their pin cushion

Instructional Aid:
Text book: Home Economics in Action
Sample of seams, needles
Skills: Making even and uneven busting, running stitches
Concept :
You are about to make a pin cushion .what are the stitches you would use to make it
Reference:
Home Economics in Action Page 92-93
Home Economics – A Caribbean Approach
Teaching Method
Modeling, question and answer, demonstration

Content:
Temporary Stitching and their basic functions

- Tacking stitches ----are very simple and easily removed

- Even tacking stitches -----are the same on both sides of fabric

- Uneven tacking----- sometimes called long and short stitches

-------------------------two long stitch followed by on long stitch

- Basting-------------- even and uneven basting used to join

-------------------------layer fabric- space & stitches are same

- Uneven –----------------stitches and space are not the same

- Diagonal------------ used to keep layer of fabric in place until they

----------------------are sewn together. They are good for appliqué and quilting

Permanent Stitching

- Permanent stitches : they are used to join, neaten, holding finished edges.

- Back stitch: stitching seam ----- takes stress

- Running stitch - stitching seam with low resistance

- Hemming stitch - holding all hems

- Over casting – making seam neat and closing openings

- When doing temporary stitching a knot is use to fasten off and about three (3) inches of thread is left at the end

- When doing permanent stitches a back stitch may be used, no knot is used, or three (3) stitches of the same stitch under construction placed in one place may be used the end of the thread must be worked reverse in the seam for neatness.

- Fastening on or fastening means where the stitches begin and end

- Machining-- is a permanent stitch done by a machine. They can be straight, zig-zag.

- Specialized machine will do other specials stitches such as serging, hemming and embroidery

Procedure:

- Teacher and students discuss stitches and student will look at diagram of each in text

- Teacher will allow students to do each stitch on the pin cushion as they progress in the construction
    after giving live demonstration.

Evaluation:
- Check list were the sizes right
- was the fastening on and off done correctly
- Were the stitches firm and spacing right
- Simple written multiple choice questions

Author:(Soy Criada)Juliet Christie Murray

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